Client assessment includes:

  • Complete dental hygiene exam
  • Detailed review of your medical, dental and personal history
  • Vital signs (Blood pressure pulse and temperature)
  • Intra and extra oral exam of head, neck, TMJ, lips, oral mucosa, tongue...etc
  • Charting and recording teeth
  • Periodontal assessment (full mouth probe and checking for periodontal disease)
  • Assess and discuss any oral health concerns and provide a treatment plan
  • Taking xrays to check for bone loss and subgingival tartar
    • Includes scaling, polishing and fluoride.
      A Dental Hygienist helps you keep your teeth and gums healthy by scaling, polishing and fluoride treatment.
      Scaling removes the hard tartar and stains, which cannot be removed by brushing. Stains from coffee, tea, cigarettes, tobacco, and red wine are removed with both scaling and polishing.
      Polishing smoothen's out teeth surfaces and keeps teeth shiny and sparkling.
      Fluoride helps re-mineralize your teeth and also helps decrease sensitivity.

    If you do not visit a dental hygienist:
    Calcified deposits on the teeth referred to as calculus or tartar can be formed by the presence of saliva, debris, minerals and plaque. Its rough surface provides an ideal medium for plaque formation, threatening the health of the gums and it absorbs unaesthetic stains far more easily than natural teeth.
    Plaque, a colorless film of bacteria adhering to your teeth can accumulate on calculus causing inflammation of gums leading to gingivitis (gum disease) and it can also lead to gum recession. Calculus (tartar) can even extend into pockets created between the tooth and gums. Calculus comes in two forms Supragingival (above the gumline) calculus is the visible deposit that forms on the surface of the teeth. Subgingival (below the gumline) tartar forms in pockets between the teeth and gums. Subgingival calculus is more harmful as it uses plaque to grow at a faster rate.

    Periodontal means "around the tooth". Periodontal (gum) disease, is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults and is an infection caused by plaque. If not removed, plaque bacteria produce toxins that irritate gum tissues causing them to swell. This inflammation damages the periodontal fibers that hold the gums tightly against the teeth, creating spaces known as periodontal pockets. This then causes the bone supporting the tooth to be destroyed, resulting in tooth loss.

    SYMPTOMS/DIAGNOSIS:
    • Red swollen, or tender gums
    • Gums that bleed when brushing
    • Pus between the teeth and gums (noticeable when the gums are pressed)
    • Loose permanent teeth
    • A change in the way your teeth fit together when biting
    • Bad breath
     
    PERIODONTAL DISEASE CAN BE LINKED TO OTHER SYSTEMIC DISESES SUCH AS:
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Diabetes
    • Pre-term low birth weight
    • Respiratory disease
    • Auto immune disorder
    • Osteoporosis
    • Alzheimer’s
    • Pancreatic cancer
    • Obesity
    TREATMENT

    There are many Surgical and Non-Surgical treatments. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth will be done before any treatment is performed or recommended.

    1. Non-surgical therapy:
    • Scaling and rootplaning (smoothing of the root surfaces so that the gum tissue can reattach to the tooth)
    • .
    • Curettage (removing the soft tissue lining the periodontal pocket. This helps the gum tissue to heal).
    2. Surgical therapy:
    • Gingivectomy (removing overgrowth) of gum tissue
    • Flap surgery (gaining access to the root of the tooth for removal of calculus and diseased tissue. The gum is then secured back into place).

    Do you suffer from sensitive teeth?

    TREATING SENSITIVITY:
    • Desensitization (procedure used by hygienist using application of a liquid desensitizing agent)
    • Desensitizing toothpastes (i.e. sensodyne, crest or colgate for sensitivity)
    • Fluoride treatment also decreases sensitivity
    The most common cause of sensitive teeth is from exposed dentin on the roots of your teeth. Dentin is the porous second layer of the tooth below the protective enamel covering. When tooth enamel is lost, and gums recede, the tiny channels in the dentin permits heat, cold and pressure directly into the nerve ending causing pain. Dentin can be exposed by:
    1. Receding gums caused by:
    • Incorrect brushing techniques
    • Brushing too hard
    • Gum disease caused by plaque buildup
    • Aging

    2. Loss of tooth enamel due to:
    • Using hard bristled tooth brush and/or abrasive toothpaste
    • Tooth grinding
    • Diet (eating and drinking acidic foods and beverages such as soft drinks)

    A sealant is a clear, acrylic-like material that bonds with the tooth to help shield out decay causing bacteria from the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. They form a protective barrier covering the pits and fissures (depressions and grooves) to prevent cavities in hard to clean back teeth. Sealants are a safe, painless, and low-cost way to protect patients teeth particularly children. Decay occurs as bacteria acts on food to form acids that weaken and destroy tooth enamel, causing cavities.

    WHO SHOULD GET A SEALANTS?
    Children should have sealants applied as soon as the first permanent molars come in, between 5-7 years of age. The second molars and the premolars should be sealed as soon as they come in, between 11 and 14 years of age.
    WHEN ARE SEALANTS NOT RECOMMENDED?
    If decay has already started, then it is too late to apply sealants as a preventive measure.

    • Instructions given to clients on oral hygiene
    • Examples include brushing twice a day. flossing daily, eating a well balanced diet and avoiding sugary foods and soft drinks
    • Using a soft bristle tooth brush
    • Recommending 6 month professional cleaning and check ups. Recommending other dental aids to improve oral hygiene
    • Guiding clients on how to quit smoking and explaining and educating patients on the effects of tobacco to oral health.

    Tooth whitening is the safest and most effective way for you to whiten your teeth and have lasting results. It is a bleaching process that lightens the color of teeth. It is used to remove stains and discoloration caused by coffee, tea, smoking and natural aging.

    TEETH WHITENING CAN:
    • Boost your confidence and self esteem
    • Reverse staining and discoloration of teeth
    • Give you a younger look and appearance
    • Help you make a great first impression

    There are two methods:

    • Bleaching custom fitted tray (at home tooth whitening bleaching trays with the application of whitening gel)
    • Crest whitening professional strips.
    • Tooth whitening is not recommended for individuals with sensitive teeth, periodontal disease or teeth with worn enamel. The whitening process will not change the color of existing fillings or crowns therefore these can appear darker than your bleached teeth and may require replacement to match your teeth’s new color.

    The Hygienist will assess your qualifications for the whitening procedure.

    Chronic, severe bad breath is also known as "Halitosis"

    Causes of Bad Breath:
    • Tobacco use - smoking
    • Certain foods such as garlic, onions...etc.
    • Dry Mouth - "Xerostemia" - Not enough saliva to wash bacteria and excess food debris
    • Infection and Abscesses
    • Periodontal disease (Gum disease)
    How to manage it?
    • Keep your toothbrush fresh. Replace it every 3-4 months
    • Drink plenty of water
    • Stop smoking
    • Professional scaling and root planning by a dental hygienist regularly will help individuals with the periodontal disease and decrease bad breath.

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    Why should you choose us? We believe there are many reasons why you should be choosing Sparkling Smile as your trusted dental hygienist

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    I am passionate about my work that I do. Oral Hygiene has always been an important part of my life and I like to motivate people towards better Oral Health Care

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